- Provide cool drinking water. There is a difference between water heated by the sun all day and cool water.

- Make sure there is ample space around the drinking source, so cattle don’t bunch up as they are accessing the water.

- Provide shade – whether it is moving animals to a different pasture with more trees or stretching a screen over pens.

- Remove anything that impedes airflow. Do not pen cattle near windbreaks. Mow weeds if they are tall enough to function as a windbreak. If there are mounds, cattle will use them to try to catch a breeze.

- Control flies. Cattle will come together to help each other deflect flies but air circulation is impeded when they bunch up, so controlling flies helps with controlling heat stress.

- If handling cattle, do it early in the day. Have all work done by 10 a.m.

- Where possible, use sprinklers, but do not use mist. Mist raises humidity, which adds to stress. Instead, use a system that dispenses large droplets.