Preliminary data from 16,143 carlot samples from 51 counties showed an average test weight of 60.9 pounds per bushel, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service and the Kansas Grain Inspection Service Inc. For comparison purposes, last year's crop averaged 61.1 pounds, while the 10-year average from 2002 - 2011 was 60.6 pounds per bushel.
Protein content averaged 12.2 percent, down from 12.4 percent for 2012 and also below 12.4 percent for the 10-year average. The Southwest District led the State with 13.2 percent protein, a 0.3 percent decrease from last year but 0.3 percent above the 2002 - 2011 average. Statewide, moisture content averaged 10.9 percent, down from 11.1 percent last year and down from 11.3 percent for the 10-year average.
Samples of wheat grading No. 1, at 85 percent, were up 2 points from 83 percent last year. Fourteen percent graded No. 2, compared to 16 percent in 2012, and only 1 percent graded No. 3 or below. Wheat samples averaged 0.2 percent damaged kernels, the same as 2012 but down from 0.4 for the 10-year average.
Samples tested had less than 0.1 percent foreign material on average, the same as 2012 but below the 10-year average. Shrunken and broken kernels averaged 1.4 percent, unchanged from 2012 but higher than the 10-year average of 1.2. Total defects averaged 1.7 percent, compared to 1.6 in 2012 and 1.7 for the 10-year average. Average dockage for all samples was 0.6 percent, up from last year.
There were 3,099 samples voluntarily submitted for inspection in the 2013 crop year. The test weight for these samples averaged 59.6 pounds per bushel, while protein was 13.4 percent and moisture content was 10.9 percent. Sixty-three percent of the submitted samples graded No.1 while 31 percent graded No. 2 and 6 percent graded No. 3 or below.
This is the only wheat quality release for the 2013 wheat harvest. Test weight, protein content, grade and defect determinations are made by the Kansas Grain Inspection Service Inc. The data are summarized by USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Collection and publication services are funded by the Kansas Wheat Commission.