For the week ending September 15, 2013, hot and dry conditions across Kansas gave way to cooler temperatures and some much needed moisture, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service.
The rains missed the Southeast, and parts of the East Central and South Central Districts, but were significant in areas of northwest Kansas. The moisture helped improve the potential for the upcoming wheat crop.
Besides cutting the last of the hay for the season, farmers were harvesting high-moisture corn and chopping sorghum and corn silage.
There were 5.5 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 14 percent very short, 43 short, 42 adequate, and 1 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were 20 percent very short, 39 short, 41 adequate, and 0 surplus.
Field Crops Report: Winter wheat planted was 5 percent, equal to 5 last year and near 6 average.
Corn dented was 89 percent, behind 98 last year and 95 average. Thirty-three percent of the crop was mature, well behind 84 last year and 61 average. Corn harvested was 8 percent complete, well behind 50 last year, and 24 average. Corn condition rated 14 percent very poor, 19 poor, 28 fair, 31 good, and 8 excellent.
Sorghum coloring was 71 percent, ahead of 67 last year but near 70 average. Sorghum mature was 6 percent, behind 18 last year and 14 average. Condition rated 6 percent very poor, 14 poor, 30 fair, 42 good, and 8 excellent.
Soybean setting pods were 97 percent, near 94 last year and 98 average. Soybeans dropping leaves were 24 percent, behind 32 last year and 27 average. Condition rated 3 percent very poor, 12 poor, 37 fair, 43 good, and 5 excellent.
The portion of the cotton crop setting bolls was 84 percent, behind 99 last year and 99 average. Cotton with open bolls was 15 percent, behind 44 last year and 28 average. Condition rated 3 percent very poor, 13 poor, 41 fair, 35 good, and 8 excellent.
Seventy-four percent of the sunflower acreage was in the ray flower dried stage, near 75 last year but ahead of 68 average. The portion of crop that had turned yellow was 52 percent, behind 60 percent last year but ahead of 42 average. Sunflowers that turned brown were 13 percent, behind 23 last year but ahead of 10 average. Condition rated 8 percent very poor, 16 poor, 42 fair, 31 good, and 3 excellent.
The fourth cutting of alfalfa was 43 percent complete, behind 46 last year and 50 average.
Livestock, Pasture and Range Report: The condition of range and pasture rated 16 percent very poor, 21 poor, 32 fair, 27 good, and 4 excellent. Stock water supplies rated 11 percent very short, 18 short, 69 adequate, and 2 surplus.