For the week ending July 13, 2014, widespread rain was prevalent in northern and south central Kansas, with rainfall totals ranging from a half to two and a half inches, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service.

It was hot and dry in southwest Kansas, with average temperatures up to five degrees above normal. Most farmers had finished wheat harvest. Others who decided to control weed infestations with herbicides were waiting for the weeds to die before finishing harvest.

There were 6.0 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture rated 8 percent very short, 23 percent short, 65 percent adequate and 4 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture rated 15 percent very short, 28 percent short, 55 percent adequate and 2 percent surplus.

Field Crops Report: Winter wheat mature was 99 percent, near 100 last year and the five-year average. Harvested was 90 percent, behind 96 last year and average.

Corn conditions rated 2 percent very poor, 6 poor, 30 fair, 49 good, and 13 excellent. Corn silking was 56 percent, ahead of 30 last year, and 50 average. Corn in the dough stage was 11 percent, ahead of 3 last year and 9 average.

Sorghum conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 5 poor, 31 fair, 55 good, and 9 excellent. Sorghum emerged was 94 percent, near 97 last year and 98 average. Sorghum headed was 3 percent, near 1 last year and equal to average.

Soybean conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 2 poor, 32 fair, 56 good, and 9 excellent. Soybeans emerged was 97 percent, near 99 last year and 100 average. Soybeans blooming was 28 percent, ahead of 19 last year, but near 27 average. Soybeans setting pods was 3 percent, near 2 last year and 1 average.

Sunflower conditions rated 2 percent very poor, 3 poor, 32 fair, 54 good, and 9 excellent. Sunflowers planted was 96 percent, near 99 last year, but equal to average. Sunflowers emerged was 89 percent, near 92 last year and 88 average. Sunflowers blooming was 2 percent, equal to last year, but behind 7 average.

Cotton conditions rated 2 percent very poor, 4 poor, 37 fair, 51 good, and 6 excellent. Cotton squaring was 25 percent, behind 45 last year and 58 average. Cotton setting bolls was at 1 percent, near 2 last year and 5 average.

Alfalfa hay conditions were 3 percent very poor, 10 poor, 41 fair, 39 good, and 7 excellent. Alfalfa hay second cutting was 77 percent complete, ahead of 69 last year, but behind 86 average. Alfalfa hay third cutting was 6 percent complete, ahead of 3 last year, but behind 14 average.

Livestock, Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 6 percent very poor, 16 poor, 39 fair, 36 good, and 3 excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 7 percent very short, 14 short, 77 adequate, and 2 surplus.