Health rail for the week of May 26.
Center rear safest position for child safety seats
A recent study suggests that parents should reconsider the position of their child safety seats, according to the American Academy of Pediatrics.
In the study, "Seating Patterns and Corresponding Risk of Injury Among 0- to 3-Year-Old Children in Child Safety Seats," the most common seating position for children using a child-restraint system is the rear passenger side.
However, child occupants aged 0-3 years seated in the center rear had a 43 percent lower injury risk compared with children in either of the rear passenger-side positions. Study authors offer updated evidence for the current recommendations that the center rear is the safest seat position for children restrained in a CRS, but they do not indicate that a child seated in an outboard position is a poor choice.
Study: Work hassles hamper sleep
Common hassles at work are more likely than long hours, night shifts or job insecurity to follow workers home and interfere with their sleep.
That's the conclusion of a University of Michigan study presented at the annual meeting of the Population Association of America.
This is the first known U.S. study to clarify the link between work and sleep quality for all workers who have unusual work and sleep arrangements, not just rotating shift workers or medical students.
Respondents who felt upset or bothered at work on a frequent basis, or had ongoing personal conflicts with bosses or co-workers, were about 1.7 times more likely than others to develop sleep problems.
Varicose are enlarged veins that can be flesh colored, dark purple or blue and often look like cords and appear twisted and bulging. Spider veins are similar in appearance, only smaller, and closer to the surface of the skin.
Some options to treat varicose and spider veins:
- Laser surgery: A laser pierces the skin and penetrates the superficial blood vessel. The heat generated from the laser coagulates the blood inside the vessel, causing it to collapse and seal.
- Sclerotherapy injections: Also known as injection therapy, this is a non-surgical procedure in which a solution is injected into the problem veins in order to cause their disappearance.
- Ambulatory phlebectomy: A method of removing varicose veins on the surface of the legs. This procedure involves making tiny punctures or incisions through which the varicose veins are removed. The incisions are so small no stitches are required.
- Vein stripping: This procedure involves tying off the upper end of a problem vein and then removing the vein. Vein stripping is performed in an operating room. The patient is usually under general anesthesia.
Number to Know: 20 million
Approximately 20 million Americans have asthma. Asthma is a chronic disease that affects the airway. In those with asthma, the inside walls of the airway are inflamed. The inflammation makes the airways very sensitive, and they tend to react strongly to allergens or irritants. When the airways react, they get narrower, and less air flows through to lung tissue. This causes symptoms like wheezing, coughing, chest tightness and trouble breathing.
This summer, make sure children are safe while skateboarding, riding scooters, in-line skating or using Heelys. Some suggestions from the American Academy of Pediatrics.
- Children should never ride skateboards or scooters in or near traffic.
- All skateboarders and scooter-riders should wear a helmet and other protective gear; wrist guards are particularly important.
- Communities should continue to develop skateboard parks, which are more likely to be monitored for safety than ramps and jumps constructed by children at home.
- While in-line skating or wearing Heelys, be sure to wear appropriate protective equipment and only skate on designated paths or rinks and not on the street.
A research study has found that a simple blood test may indicate whether post-menopausal hormone therapies present an elevated risk of a heart attack.
The study, sponsored by the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute of the National Institutes of Health, was conducted in 40 centers nationwide and included 271 cases of coronary heart disease in the first four years of the trials of estrogen alone and of estrogen plus progestin.
The results indicate that those who entered the study with favorable cholesterol levels were not at increased risk of developing heart problems while taking hormones (estrogen alone or estrogen plus progestin), whereas women with unfavorable cholesterol levels were at a greater risk of having heart related complications. -- American Journal of Cardiology
GateHouse News Service