WASHINGTON — The Senate voted Monday to confirm Judge Amy Coney Barrett to the U.S. Supreme Court, completing a sprint to place her on the high court just days before Election Day and solidifying a 6-3 conservative majority on the bench.
Barrett was confirmed by a slim 52-48 vote, along mostly party lines. One Republican, Susan Collins of Maine, joined the chamber's 47 Democrats in voting against the nomination.
Barrett, 48, will become the fifth woman to serve on the Supreme Court, filling the vacancy left by Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg, who died in September. Her swearing-in means she will be able to hear cases as early as next week, including a challenge to the Affordable Care Act that Democrats worry will upend the health care of millions of Americans.
The vote caps a confirmation process that — while at times respectful — fueled intense partisanship in the Senate, with the added drama of happening in the middle of a global pandemic and weeks before a presidential election.
Senators debated Barrett’s nomination over the weekend with both sides reiterating arguments sounded throughout the confirmation process in the lead-up to the final vote. For the final 30 hours of debate, senators stayed overnight from Sunday evening into Monday, taking turns holding the floor.
Both of Kansas’ senators, Republicans Jerry Moran and Pat Roberts, voted to confirm Barrett.
In a statement, Moran said Barrett’s background "demonstrates she will be a fair and impartial justice."
"Justice Amy Coney Barrett is the most impressive nominee I have interviewed and considered during my time in the Senate," Moran said in the statement.
Roberts similarly praised Barrett.
"I’m confident that she will continue to be faithful to the U.S. Constitution," he said in a tweet.
Democrats warned of the consequences of Barrett’s confirmation for hot-button issues, such as the Affordable Care Act and election disputes, while Republicans lauded Barrett’s qualifications and touted her pending confirmation as a key accomplishment of President Donald Trump and Senate Republicans that Democrats would be unable to erode.
The White House hosted a ceremony Monday evening where Justice Clarence Thomas administered Barrett's swearing-in. Barrett was required to take two oaths before she can officially serve on the high court, a Judicial Oath and a Constitutional Oath. She took her second oath on Tuesday at the Supreme Court, where Chief Justice John Roberts swore her in — officially allowing Barrett to start serving on the bench and weigh in on a host of crucial questions set to come before the high court in the coming days.
The court will be in session starting Nov. 2 and her addition to the bench means she will likely hear a case concerning the LGBTQ community and religious freedoms, along with a highly anticipated case that could decide the future of the Affordable Care Act.
Senators, throughout days of debate, traded barbs about the combative path that led to Monday’s vote and past refusals to take up nominees so close to the election. Just before the final vote confirming Barrett, the Senate’s top leaders offered forceful speeches displaying the divide on her appointment to the high court and what it could mean for decades to come.
Senate Minority Leader Chuck Schumer, D-N.Y., railed against Republicans in a heated and pointed speech about Barrett’s nomination, saying the Senate’s action would forever change how parties work together in the chamber and "give an already divided and angry nation fresh outrage."
"History will record that by brute political force, in contradiction to its stated principles, this Republican majority confirmed a lifetime appointment on the eve of an election — a justice who will alter the lives and freedoms of the American people while they stood in line to vote," Schumer said on the Senate floor before the vote.
He said Monday would "go down as one of the darkest days in the 231-year history of the United States Senate."
Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell called Barrett "a woman of unparalleled ability and temperament" and noted the threats some Democrats have made in expanding the Supreme Court or doing away with the filibuster if they win control of the chamber in the election. He said the threats amounted to a "hostage situation" over the courts. He said Democrats were applying "improper pressure to impartial judges" that amounted to "rule how we want, or we're coming after the court."
"Elections come and go. Political power is never permanent, but the consequences could be cataclysmic if our colleagues across the aisle let partisan passion, boil over and scorch — scorch — the ground rules of our government," McConnell said.
The fight over filling Associate Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg's spot on the court started only hours after the liberal icon died Sept. 18. Trump and McConnell were left with the opportunity to appoint another conservative justice to the court just weeks before a contentious election that could put the White House and Senate in Democrats' hands.
Before Barrett was named Trump's nominee in late September, Democrats urged Trump and Republicans to wait on replacing Ginsburg, saying the winners of the Nov. 3 election should determine which justice will get a lifetime appointment to the nation's highest court. Democrats repeatedly pointed out that Senate Republicans would be going back on their word if they held a confirmation vote so close to an election, citing their 2016 refusal to consider President Barack Obama's nomination Merrick Garland about 8 months before the 2016 election.
Despite Democratic opposition — which included concerns over holding a confirmation process amid the COVID-19 pandemic — Republicans pushed forward. Barrett quickly started meeting with senators, confirmation hearings were scheduled, and Senate Republicans charted out a path to confirm Barrett before Election Day.
Barrett's four days of confirmation hearings passed without much of the drama Justice Brett Kavanaugh's proceedings had. Most senators announced their intention to support or oppose Barrett's nomination, or that of any nominee, by the end of September, taking much of the suspense out of the process.
Recognizing they didn’t have the votes to block Barrett's nomination or significantly delay the process, Senate Democrats opted to highlight what they said would be the consequences of her confirmation to the Supreme Court, peppering her with questions during her confirmation hearings about her views on abortion, the Affordable Care Act and other controversial issues. The judge, however, largely declined to answer the questions, saying she would not comment on questions that could come before the court.
When the Senate Judiciary Committee, which oversaw her vetting process, took its vote to send her nomination to the full Senate, Democrats boycotted the vote and instead placed pictures of people on their chairs whom they said could be affected by the overturning of the Affordable Care Act.
Democrats repeatedly called the Judiciary Committee proceedings "illegitimate" and a "sham," though Sen. Dianne Feinstein, the top Democrat on the committee, faced criticism from progressives for her praise of the proceedings.
David Jackson contributed to this report. Andrew Bahl contributed from Topeka.